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PeruPeru Observer

Peru is in the central and western part of South America, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean which is its natural border to the west. It also limits with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, with Chile to the south and with Brazil and Bolivia to the east.

It is the third largest country in South America and one of the largest in the 20 in the world, with a total surface of 1,285,215.6 square kilometers, including its Pacific islands and the Lake Titicaca western Islands. This area is larger than the added territories of Spain, France and Germany.

Peru has sovereign right over a territory stretching 200 marine miles off its Pacific shores and is Consulting Party to the Antarctic Treaty, a continent where it has installed Machu Picchu Scientific Station.

Peru has approximately 27 million inhabitants. The coast shelters 52% of the total population, the highlands 36% and the jungle 12%. The population is mostly mixed and urban and speaks Spanish, but there are two important minorities: Andean populations, divided in the Quechua and Aymara language families and Amazon populations divided in 14 language families and 42 ethnic groups.

Photo: Machu Picchu

Major Indicators

Land (1000 sq. km) 1285
Head of State Ollanta Moisés Humala Tasso(July 28, 2016)
Population (1000) 31152
Capital Lima
Language(s) Spanish, Quechua and Aymara
National currency Soles
Energy sources Hydrocarbons, Hydropower and renewable energy
GDP per capita (current US$) 6,541 (World bank 2014)
GDP (current billion US$) 202.6 (World bank 2014)
GDP growth % 3.3%
Value of export of goods and services (billion $) 40.5
Value of petroleum exports (billion $) 0.12
Value of gas exports (billion $) 0.45
Current account balance (billion $) -8.37
Proven crude oil reserves (billion barrels) 0.47
Crude oil production(1,000 b/d) 58
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/d) 197.8
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 204.57
Consumption of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 233.6
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 7.96
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 92.2
Proven natural gas reserves (trillion cu. m.) 0.399
Natural gas exports (LNG billion cu. m.) 0.01
Natural gas consumption (billion cu.m.) 5.9
Marketed production of natural gas (billion cu. m.) 12.49


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