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PeruPeru Observer

Peru is located in the central and western part of South America, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, which is its natural border to the west. It also borders with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, with Chile to the south and with Brazil and Bolivia to the east.

It is the 3rd largest country in South America and 19th in the world, with a total area of 1,285,220 km2, including its Pacific islands and the Lake Titicaca’s western Islands. Its area is larger than the added territories of Spain, France, and Germany.

Peru has sovereign right over a territory stretching 200 marine miles off its Pacific shores and is a Consulting Party to the Antarctic Treaty, a continent where it has installed Machu Picchu Scientific Base.

Peru has a population of 31,989,256 people. The coast is home to 52 percent of the total population, while the highlands shelter 36 percent and the forest 12 percent of the population. The population is mostly mixed and urban, and speaks Spanish, but there are two important minorities: Andean population, divided in the Quechua and Aymara language families and Amazon populations, divided in 14 language families and 42 ethnic groups.

Photo: Machu Picchu

Major Indicators

Land ( 1,285,220
Population (inhabitants) 31,989,256
Capital Lima
Continent South America
Language(s) Spanish (official), Quechua, Aymara
National currency Peruvian Sol
Time Zone GMT-5
Labor force (inhabitants) 18,013,224
GDP (current billion US$) 222.24
GDP per capita (current US$) 6,947.26
GDP growth (percentage) 3.98
Exports of Goods and Services (current billion US$) 56.00
Proven natural gas reserves (billion c.m.) 466
Natural gas marketed production (billion c.m.) 12.74
LNG exports (billion c.m.) 4.70
Domestic natural gas consumption (billion c.m.) 7.49


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