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Iran - Islamic Republic of IranIran - Islamic Republic of Iran Member

Islamic Republic of Iran is a country of particular geostrategic significance, owing to its location in the Middle East and central Eurasia.

Iran borders Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan to the north. Kazakhstan and Russia are the direct neighbours to the north. Iran borders Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, Iraq to the west, Turkey to the northwest and the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to the south. Bahrain Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia are maritime neighbours of Iran to the south.

Apart from oil and natural gas, the country’s other natural resources include coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc and sulphur.

Iran is a founding member of the GECF, IEF, and OPEC; and a member of ECO, IMF, NAM, OIC, and the UN.


Major Indicators

Land (sq.km) 1,745,150
Population (inhabitants) 83,992,953
Capital Tehran
Continent Middle East
Language(s) Persian(official)
National currency Iranian Rial
Time Zone GMT+3.5
Labor force (inhabitants) 26,813,322
GDP (current billion US$) 191.72
GDP per capita (current US$) 2282.55
GDP growth (percentage) 1.66
Exports of Goods and Services (current billion US$) 28.82
Proven natural gas reserves (billion c.m.) 33,988
Natural gas marketed production (billion c.m.) 249.63
Pipeline exports (billion c.m.) 11.52
Domestic natural gas consumption (billion c.m.) 233

Location

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