Algeria has a mixed geography with a large portion falling in the desert region and a long coastal line along Mediterranean Sea in the north, with the main towns, fertile land and beach resorts. The country is bordered in the east by Tunisia and Libya, in the west by Morocco, Western Sahara and Mauritania, in the southwest by Mali, in the southeast by Niger, and in the north by the Mediterranean Sea.
It is the largest African country, covering an area of nearly 2.4 million km2 with 1,200 km of coastline.
Algeria’s population is above 42 million people. Arabic is the national and official language, whilst Tamazight is also a national language. Islam is the state religion. Besides the capital city of Algiers, the most populous cities are Oran, Constantine, Setif, and Annaba.
The Algerian government is a multi-party republic and has a bicameral parliament, with the Council of Nation (Senate) and the National Assembly (Lower House).
Hydrocarbons are the primary revenue generator for Algeria. The country supplies large amounts of natural gas to Europe. Energy exports are the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60 percent of budget revenues and 34 percent of the gross domestic product.
Algeria has experienced a significant economic upturn in recent years, in large part aided by strong oil and natural gas export revenues. In 2018, Algeria’s real gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate was 1.4 percent. With continuing investments in Algerian oil and gas development; both sectors expect increased production capacity in the coming years.
The Algerian Dinar (DZD) is the country’s official currency. In 2019, USD 1 was equal to DZD 119.
The country’s other industries include light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing, construction, pharmaceuticals and agribusiness.
Algeria is a Founding Member of the GECF and a member of the United Nations, Arab League, African Union, OPEC and OAPEC.
|Language(s)||Arabic (official), Tamazight|
|National currency||Algerian Dinar|
|Labor force (inhabitants)||12,302,396|
|GDP (current billion US$)||174.00|
|GDP per capita (current US$)||4,087.00|
|GDP growth (percentage)||1.40|
|Exports of Goods and Services (current billion US$)||44.52|
|Proven natural gas reserves (billion c.m.)||4,504|
|Natural gas marketed production (billion c.m.)||97.47|
|Pipeline exports (billion c.m.)||37.95|
|LNG exports (billion c.m.)||13.47|
|Domestic natural gas consumption (billion c.m.)||45.14|